Propoganda made to encourage people to join both the army and the working force
Propoganda made to encourage people to join both the army and the working force

America dove headfirst into WWI knowing it was a strong nation. The power and unity of a country’s homeland reflect the power and unity of its army. Any country could have all the tough men in the world at its finger tips and still be nothing without average Joe’s to back it up. Though the land of the free had many different people on different sides of the war, it was still fully prepared to accept the responsibilities of backing up an over-seas army. The people knew of America knew the very moment the Lusitania was that there were harsh times ahead; However, through American ingenuity and a spark of nationalism, they were able to go toe to toe with the central powers. Whether it was immigrants fighting amongst themselves, or women taking on newly created war jobs, America’s home front played a massive role in WWI.

America has taken in
Here you see hundreds of Irish immigrants coming to America
Here you see hundreds of Irish immigrants coming to America
almost every human being that knocks on its door. This has caused many problems of the last three centuries; this goes especially during times of war. Early 20th century, a time of much confusion and poverty, America saw much controversy between its own citizen
This political cartoon represents Irish and german immagrants fighting over the war
s. During WWI it had to make a choice of which side to join. In the book Woodrow Wilson and the Progressive Era by Arthur S. Link, it is said, “ Even those Americans that had some interest in European Settlement were reassured by the knowledge that the allies were going to win”. This is one of the main reason’s why it was possible for America to pick a side. Most of America’s hate turned towards Germany when it sunk the Lusitania, yet it was still very difficult for America to Announce which side it was on. This Predicament is due to the large amount of immigrants from all across Europe. At the time America had an extremely high population of Irish Americans as well as German Americans; both opposed different countries that were fighting in the war. German Americans would certainly not be supportive of the war effort if America had decided to join the allies. At the same time, Irish Americans opposed the British due to Britain’s oppressive rule over Ireland and Scotland before the 1800’s; therefore, they remained neutral in taking sides. Having such a mixed population of people made America’s decision a tough one. The strong, varied opinions from both sides of the war did affect American Military personal; however, such opinions had no effect on the pride of the pure American working class.

During the war America saw many changes it’s economy. The people new it would cost them a great deal of time, effort, and money to support the war. How would they accomplish such a grand task? Due to the vast amount of pride built through nationalist ideals and a vast amount of gilded propaganda seen on commoner streets, the people of America developed a strong sense of unity, as well as a powerful progressive motivation. The Fighting spirit split and went off to fight two fronts. Now that most of the men went off to fight in Europe, there was only one kind of worker left to take over the War machine’s heart.The workingwomen of WWI showed the country what they could really do. Women were seen doing nearly ever job the country had to offer. Whether it was Ship building, ammunition crafting, farming, weapons manufacturing, or even the usual sewing factory, women around the country were playing a crucial role in supporting the war. In an Article Found in the Seattle Post it is said, “The women were critical to the success of the military's operation in Europe.”(Smith, E.1) She is absolutely right. Along with the advances in technology, advances in the roles of women were needed for America to successfully take part in the War. America opened many opportunities for women when they needed women to take control of the Workforce.

During a time of war, a time in which no man can succeed by himself, a country must do what ever it takes to win. The face of America was completely changed during WWI. Many of the changes seen in America during the war are still very much alive in today’s world. Changes such as women in the work force and the installation of labor unions do not only continue to exist, but they have been greatly improved since the early 1900’s. The role of women in America has been drastically improved since the first women were seen building ships and crafting ammunition for the war effort. Although discrimination against women still exists in America, the rights of women have
greatly expanded. Women can choose nearly any profession they want simply because that is what America needed during the war. Not only has the workplace changed for women, but all American’s as well. Along with the creation of labor unions in the 1900’s came the creation of a safer, better working environment for the American workforce. Most of the working class back then has extremely risky jobs that didn’t pay very well. Labor unions were created to improve these conditions. Today’s Labor unions fight for the same rights they fought for in the 2oth century; however, they have gotten much better at protecting their workers. Both of these changes show how far of a step America took to succeed in WWI. Big changes like these as well as little ones made America the perfect country to support the war, and though the country’s citizens did not fire the guns, they played just as big a role as the men that did.

Works Cited Book Source:
Link, Arthur S. Woodrow Wilson and The prgresi Era. Ed. Henry S. Commager and Richard B. Morris. Harper and Row Pulishers.

Smith, Carol P. "WOMEN WERE VITAL TO SUCCESS IN WAR." Seattle Post 24 Sept. 1998: E.1. Naional News Papers. Proquest. <>.

N/A. "Aid British Husbands." Washington Psor 11 Dec. 1910: 1. Historical Newpapers. ProQuest. 24 Nov. 2008 <>.

Assignment: Do memories hinder or help people in their effort to learn from the past and succeed in the present? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.

Interestingly enough, I fall in the middle of these statements. I believe that one should remember the past and learn from those events. However, I also believe that many bad memories harm the present and the future. The only way to continue, many times, is to forget and forgive.
My brother, who is college, has proved to me the importance of getting good grades and actively participating in extracorrecular activities. These two ideas helped him to get into the prestegious college of the University of Notre Dame. His education there will allow him to have a prosperous career as an adult. Reviewing these facts and ideas has led me to believe if I do the same, I will have a similar promising career. Consequently, I have gotten good grades and have seen interest from many prestigious programs.
Through my knowledge, I have learned that in many bad instances, time to forget is very important. Ireland, for example, had been persecuted for many hundreds of years from 1000 AD to 1900 AD. After being granted the Irish Free State, they attacked many parts of Britain for retribution of those many years of being oppressed. Consequently there has been on going hostility between the two peoples. This hostility has cost the lives of many hundreds of people. A quote once said, "Violence begets violence" is the perfect phrase for this warfare. The only way to stop the loss of life is to forget and forgive; start anew.
Different situations require different actions to proceed in a positive manner. Many times, people are required to use both elements. For example, let's forget this part and concentrate on how to bring this positive part into light. Both of the ideas on remembering and forgetting have their reasons for existing and both are positive.

The opening statement is written very poorly. The writer does not clearly pick which side he/she is on. 2
Opening paragraph has nothing to do with the topic. 2
Use of vocabulary is very good. 5
little variety in sentence structure. 3
normal amount of grammar errors 3
overall: 3

Benito Mussolini

Mussolini.jpgMussolini was born in Forli Italy in 1833. in his early years he fled from Italy to avoid a military draft.He returned in 1904 to join the allies in WWI. He gained the rank of corporal. He was wounded in the war and returned home to become the editor of a very highly respected political magazine. He attacked many government officials after the war was over and became respected among the countries higher powers. in 1922 a series of riots broke out and Mussolini was appointed to stop the spread of communism by king mussolini_and_hitlerEmanuel III. This is where Mussolini began to gain power. After the revolt was put down Mussolini began to do many things for Italy including installing a public works program. This caught the attention of Adolf Hitler.

Mussolini was a fascist and a nationalist making him a very proud aggressive leader. The league of nations Realized this aggressive nationalism and tried to ban the selling of arms within Italy. Mussolini continued to show his aggressiveness by using mustard gas in the war with Ethiopia. This truly caught Hitler's eye and persuaded him to form and alliance with Mussolini. By 1941 Mussolini had already declared war with Albania and Greece; with the help of Hitler and the Nazi party, Mussolini had gained complete dictatorship of Italy.

Works Cited
Simkin, John. "Benito Mussolini." 3 Feb. 2009 <>.

Fresno Unified School District. Prntice Hall. 02 Feb. 2009 <>.

Directions: Today you are going to take part of the High School Proficiency Assessment for Language Arts Literacy. The assessment contains different types of text and different activities. In the first part of the test, you will look at a picture and then complete a writing task. In this activity, you have an opportunity to demonstrate how well you can organize and express your ideas in written text. Refer to the Writer's Checklist of important points to remember as you write. Educators who read your writing will consider these important points when they read and score your writing.
You will have 30 minutes to complete the writing task. Take a few minutes to think about the task and to plan what you want to say before you begin to write. You may use the prewriting/planning space to plan your text, but your prewriting will not be scored. Only your writing on the lined pages of your answer sheet will be scored. Do your best to make your writing clear and well organized. Keep your purpose in mind as you write and use your checklist.
You must use a No. 2 pencil. You may either print or write your final copy. You may
not use a dictionary or any other reference materials during the test. However, you may use the Writer's Checklist. If you finish before the time is called, review what you have written using the Writer's Checklist to read critically and improve what you have written.
Regardless of the artist's original intent, what we see in the picture can be very different from what others see. What story does this picture tell you? use your imagination and experience to speculate about was is happening.


Persuasive passage

Directions: In this part of the test, you will read a persuasive passage and then respond to the multiple-choice and open-ended questions that follow it. you may look back at the passage and make notes in the margin if you like, but you must record your answers on your answer sheet.
You will have 50 minutes for this part of the test.

FDR's Pearl Harbor Speech

Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, Members of the Senate, and of the House of Representatives:
Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 -- a date which will live in infamy -- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.

The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.
Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American island of Oahu, the Japanese ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to our Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. And while this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or of armed attack.
It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time, the Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.
The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost. In addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.
Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.
Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.
And this morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island.
Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation.
As commander in chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us.
No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory.
I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make it very certain that this form of treachery shall never again endanger us.
Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.
With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph -- so help us God.
I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire.

Open-ended questions:

1. Franklin Delano Roosevelt's speech regarding the attack on pearl harbor was very strong. He used many different tools to persuade the country to go to war.

  • In what way did FDR persuade the country to go to war with the Japanese empire?
  • Use two specific examples from the speech to support your answer.

FDR made it sound like if Americans did not take a retaliatory strike, our way of life would be compromised. When FDR stated that, “hostilities exist. There is no blinking at he fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.” He basically said that if we did nothing, we would be overthrown. Though also, he states if we eventually did enter the war, we would gain inevitable triumph over the Japanese.

2. After reading FDR's speech consider the following:
  • Would this speech have been enough to convince you to join the war
  • which oart of the speech do you think touched America the most

FDR’s speech would have gotten me to want to enter the war. The way he announced the attack on Pearl Harbor made me feel like the country was in danger and that if nothing was done, we would be defeated. I think that the real gem of this speech was they way FDR let everyone know what other places the Japanese attacked. When he announced they attacked such places as Guam, the Philippines, etc. he really hooked on the fact that the Japanese empire was an international threat as well as an American threat.

Narrative Passage

Directions: Directions: In this part of the test, you will read a Narrative passage and then respond to the multiple-choice and open-ended questions that follow it. you may look back at the passage and make notes in the margin if you like, but you must record your answers on your answer sheet.
You will have 50 minutes for this part of the test.

from "Hub Fans Bid Kid Adieu"

by John Updike
The afternoon grew so glowering that in the sixth inning the arc lights were turned on--always a wan sight in the daytime, like the burning headlights of a funeral procession. Aided by the gloom, Fisher was slicing through the Sox rookies, and Williams did not come to bat in the seventh. He was second up in the eighth. This was almost certainly his last time to come to the plate in Fenway Park, and instead of merely cheering, as we had at his three previous appearances, we stood, all of us, and applauded. I had never before heard pure applause in a ballpark. No calling, no whistling, just an ocean of handclaps, minute after minute, burst after burst, crowding and running together in continuous succession like the pushes of surf at the edge of the sand. It was a sombre and considered tumult. There was not a boo in it. It seemed to renew itself out of a shifting set of memories as the Kid, the Marine, the veteran of feuds and failures and injuries, the friend of children, and the enduring old pro evolved down the bright tunnel of twenty-two summers toward this moment. At last, the umpire signalled for Fisher to pitch; with the other players, he had been frozen in position. Only Williams had moved during the ovation, switching his bat impatiently, ignoring everything except his cherished task. Fisher wound up, and the applause sank into a hush.
Understand that we were a crowd of rational people. We knew that a home run cannot be produced at will; the right pitch must be perfectly met and luck must ride with the ball. Three innings before, we had seen a brave effort fail. The air was soggy, the season was exhausted. Nevertheless, there will always lurk, around the corner in a pocket of our knowledge of the odds, an indefensible hope, and this was one of the times, which you now and then find in sports, when a density of expectation hangs in the air and plucks an event out of the future.
Fisher, after his unsettling wait, was wide with the first pitch. He put the second one over, and Williams swung mightily and missed. The crowd grunted, seeing that classic swing, so long and smooth and quick, exposed. Fisher threw the third time, Williams swung again, and there it was. The ball climbed on a diagonal line into the vast volume of air over center field. From my angle, behind third base, the ball seemed less an object in flight than the tip of a towering, motionless construct, like the Eiffel Tower or the Tappan Zee Bridge. It was in the books while it was still in the sky. Brandt ran back to the deepest corner of the outfield grass, the ball descended beyond his reach and struck in the crotch where the bullpen met the wall, bounced chunkily, and vanished.
Like a feather caught in a vortex, Williams ran around the square of bases at the center of our beseeching screaming. He ran as he always ran out home runs--hurriedly, unsmiling, head down, as if our praise were a storm of rain to get out of. He didn’t tip his cap. Though we thumped, wept, and chanted "We want Ted" for minutes after he hid in the dugout, he did not come back. Our noise for some seconds passed beyond excitement into a kind of immense open anguish, a wailing, a cry to be saved. But immortality is nontransferable. The papers said that the other players, and even the umpires on the field, begged him to come out and acknowledge us in some way, but he refused. Gods do not answer letters.

1. This Narrator uses many different stiles of writing to explain this grand moment

  • What is the writers main style of writing?
  • List two examples.

The Writer’s main style of writing is a very abstract approach. He always accompanies his sentences with a sort of story telling feel to it. He makes Williams sound like a god-like entity. An example of the style of writing is when he is when the ball is thrown, it seemed less like an object in flight but more like the tip of a towering, motionless construct. Also, when he explained how the crowd was jeering and begging him to come out of the bullpen, he refused. He explained this as “ Gods do not answer letters”.

2. John Updike uses a lot of emotion in this passage
  • If you were writing about this event how would you express emotion in your passage
  • What kind of emotion would you express

If I were writing this passage, expressing my emotions during the event, One thing I find important is almost making the story sound like I was a play-by-play guy at the game. I would explain everything that was going on n great detail, almost like telling a story (which I would be). But I would express excitement and happiness. For me true passion is in the writing itself. I need to truly feel the excitement to write an exciting passage.

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

A group of students that led a fight against segregation in public schools. The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was founded by Ella baker in Raleigh North Carolina. She started a series of student meetings that were based around segregation in school. The key contributors in these meetings eventually formed the organization. In 1963 they led a march on Washington for "Jobs and Freedom"; then in 1965 they broke their ties with the mainstream civil rights movement.

Brian Hensley
Yeam/ Saxon
Period 3-4

The Hippie Counter Culture

external image youngHippieKen.jpg The hippie counter culture was a young generation of baby boomers who sought nothing but rebellion against the country's ways; this term was called the counter-culture. They believed the 1950's was outdated and wrong and the sought individuality. These new youths from the 1960s were normally referred to as hippies. They spent the efforts making a statement about themselves while at the same time keeping from conforming to the 1950s life style. They rebelled against the government control over America and took to habits the government saw as unfit for society; habits such as frequent sexual activity, drug use, and listening to the new form of music called rock and roll. The Hippie counter culture dawned a new age in American Culture.

The Hippie counter culture did not just spring up out of no where in the 1960s without cause. They sought to rebell against the country's Acts of African American Repression. During the civil rights movement, not only did millions of African Americans become involved, but many young, white college students joined the fight for African American rights as well. They fought for voting as well as housing rights for African Americans. They wanted freedom and peace for all man kind and they believed in Martin Luther kings policy of peaceful protest. These were perfect grounds for the Youth movement to get involved. Another of America's the hippie rebelled against was it's involvement in the Vietnam war. The hippies sought peace and prosperity for the entire world and everything they believed in was against the war. They became educated about the war's status through the new fad of the 1950s and 1960s, the television. The hippies, as well as the rest of the country, received constant updates on what was going on over seas. They immediately started peacefully protesting external image the-grateful-dead-photo-4.jpgthrough massive public speeches and rallies. The saw through the governments gilded projection of the war and they relayed their knowledge to the rest of the country. Their anti-war messages of peace and love spread very swiftly across the country. The anti war movement was of the biggest aspects of the counter-culture. Not only did they relay their messages trough public speaking, but they also relayed is through rock and roll. Rock and Roll as well as the blues were the two biggest forms of anti-1950s culture music. The Lyrics of the songs of the newly Created rebellion bands and groups included many anti-war and repression messages. Bands such as the The Grateful Dead and Pink Floyd Played a massive role in the Hippie movement. They relayed many anti- war messages through the countless songs. Both of these bands played at the infamous Woodstock festival. Woodstock was a massive concert that took up 600 acres of land as well as the attention of hundreds of thousands of hippies. It made one of the biggest statements of the entire anti-war movement and in turn the entire hippie movement. Through countless public speeches, the songs of popular counter culture rock bands, and concerts like Woodstock, the hippie generation made a massive rebellious statement against the country's past culture.

The hippie culture is still very visible in today's world. Many of the people from that generation are still alive today. The statements of anti-war, individuality, and rebellion against the government that they made 1960 to a very lasting effect that spread to each generation after them. Though today's hippie may have a different look than those of the 1960's hippies, they rebellious thoughts and actions are still the same. The 2009 counter culture rebels against things such as the war in Iraq and other government actions that the American citizens have no control over; however, they still use many old hippie influential actions such as messages of peace and loves that are conveyed through public speeches as well as anti-war music that is very popular throughout today's youth. Though there are many disadvantages of being a non-conformist or a simple rebellious hippie, such as dislike from the anti-counter culture society or the hardship of a free form life style, It is still very clear that there and always will be an counter-culture generation.
external image en-coloring-pictures-pages-photo-hippie-p8706.jpg